Royal Marine Alexander Blackman gets seven years for Taliban killing

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AP

A Royal Marine convicted of killing a wounded Taliban fighter in Afghanistan has been jailed for seven years.

Sgt Alexander Blackman, 42, will be freed in weeks as he has already served more than three years in jail.

The sentencing came after the Court Martial Appeal Court ruled Blackman’s original murder conviction should be reduced to manslaughter on the grounds of diminished responsibility.

The 2011 shooting took place after a British patrol base came under fire.

One of two insurgents was seriously injured by gunfire from an Apache helicopter sent to provide air support, and the marines from 42 Commando found him in a field.

Blackman, from Taunton, was known as Marine A during the original trial process and fully identified after he was found guilty.

He was not at the Royal Courts of Justice in London for the sentencing but appeared at the hearing via a video link from prison.

Sgt Blackman’s wife, Claire, led a campaign alongside author Frederick Forsyth and the Daily Mail newspaper for his conviction to be re-examined.

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PA

Image caption

Mrs Blackman said the decision was the moment the campaign had been fighting for

Standing outside court with her lawyers and cheering supporters, Mrs Blackman said she was “overjoyed at the judges’ decision to significantly reduce Al’s sentence, such that he can be released imminently”.

“This is the moment we have all been fighting hard for”.

Blackman’s supporters had hoped he would be reinstated to the Royal Marines but his dismissal from the service remains, although it is no longer dishonourable.

‘Substantial responsibility’

Blackman’s trial was the first time a member of the British armed forces had faced a murder charge in relation to the conflict in Afghanistan, which began in 2001. Two other marines from 42 Commando were tried at the same time but acquitted.

Blackman was convicted of murder in November 2013 and jailed for life. He lost an appeal in May the following year, but his 10-year minimum term was reduced to eight years.

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Sgt Blackman’s actions were caught on another marine’s helmet camera

Judges at the Court Martial Appeal Court in London had been told he had a recognised mental illness at the time of the killing.

His defence team argued the conviction was “unsafe” and fresh psychiatric evidence, if available at the time, would have provided him with a “partial defence”.

But in their sentencing remarks, the judges said that although Blackman’s responsibility was diminished, he “still retained a substantial responsibility for the deliberate killing”.

They added: “The appellant’s actions can be used by the insurgency and others as evidence that the killing of the insurgent was in breach of the values proclaimed for which the International Security Force and HM Armed Forces had been sent to Afghanistan.”

‘Exemplary soldier’

The killing on 15 September 2011 took place during the final month of 42 Commando’s six-month tour of duty to Helmand province – a deployment which saw the unit lose seven men.

Footage from an unofficial helmet-mounted camera of another marine showed Blackman shooting the Afghan prisoner in the chest at close range with a 9mm pistol in a field in Helmand province.

Media captionExtract from helmet camera audio recording of incident in Helmand

The court martial heard that Blackman used abusive language and said: “There you are. Shuffle off this mortal coil.”

He then turned to his comrades and said: “obviously this doesn’t go anywhere, fellas. I just broke the Geneva Convention”.

But Blackman told his original trial he believed the victim was already dead and he was taking out his anger on a corpse.

Reducing the conviction to manslaughter their ruling earlier this month, the judges said:

  • Blackman had been “an exemplary soldier before his deployment to Afghanistan in March 2011”
  • He had suffered from “quite exceptional stressors” which increasingly impacted on him the longer he was in command
  • It was “clear that a consequence was that he had developed a hatred for the Taliban and a desire for revenge”
  • At the time of the killing “the patrol remained under threat from other insurgents”
  • The stressors and his adjustment disorder had been factors in “substantially” impairing his ability to form a rational judgment

Blackman had more than 13 years of service and had previously been deployed to Iraq on three occasions and to Afghanistan in 2007.

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